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The First Wireless Mesh Network and Microtelco in Peru !


  • Showcase at International Conference "Connecting the Future: Strategies to Reduce Telecommunications Access Gaps"
    • November 27th – 28th 2006
    • Resort & Centro de Convenciones El Pueblo, Lima - Perú
    • The conference is the culminating event of a two-year Study of Universal Access programs and policies in Latin America carried out on behalf of and financed by Regulatel, the Forum of Latin American Telecommunications Regulators, The World Bank and the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC). The purpose of the conference is to: (i) review the findings of the study including the achievements and also the shortcomings of universal access programs in Regulatel member countries, (ii) review and discuss the recommendations of the study report for next generation universal access and service programs in the region, (iii) present the analytical model which was developed for the study to determine the market efficiency and access gaps for various services including fixed and mobile voice telephony, and Internet and broadband access; and to review and discuss new models for universal access including technological, commercial, financing, marketing, procurement and other innovations. The conference will give the various innovators the opportunity to present and if practical demonstrate these innovations.
  • Public Presentation
    • When: September 16th - Software Freedom Day
    • Where: Campus - Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Peru
  • Ceres: Prevention Disaster and Rapid Response Network
    • Voice over IP (VoIP) is becoming increasingly used for disaster communications. An disaster prevention and rapid response network will be installed in the peri-urban zone in Lima, Perú. The network will be using an open source VoIP telephony system (Asterisk) to deal with and respond to natural disasters.
    • Awards: Best plan for FOSS deployment project on new server for community benefit. SFD 06 Competition sponsored by IBM.

Tech Data

  • Summary
    • Wireless technology developed by: CUWiN Project
    • Wireless comunication protocol: WiFi
    • Operating System: NetBSD
    • Routing Protocol: HSLS
    • Metrics Protocol: ETX
    • Network Topology: Mesh
    • Hardware: Meraki Mini - Meraki Networks Inc.

Business Model

This project will provide inhabitants in rural and underserved communities in the Andes of Peru with a whole range of fixed and mobile telephony, internet and video services using an extremely economical network technology (Meraki, CUWiN) and an unique form to commercialize and financing these services.

A set of specific service offering which have been developed and implemented to suit the specific requirements of the community to be served, established through extensive research and intimate knowledge of the community. This project will provide rural families with access to telecommunications and financial services in their communities for the first time. The mobile technology has raised new possibilities for service delivery in fields such as health care, education, agricultural information, e-government, legal services, human rights and social justice.

A business model for the project is proposed in which the most important premise is that the community owns the network. A local organization represents the community and is the legal owner. This legal owner delegates the administration of the network to an administrator or local operator. This administrator manage the network as a micro-enterprise.

A very important issue is the empowering of youth in the community and giving them responsabilities for managing and operating the network. In a world of collaborative partnerships, the role of the youth can be emphasized. Unfortunately, many initiatives have failed to integrate the roles of the youth in development processes. The consequence is the inability of exploit the potential of youth in innovation, creativity, leadership and integration. In our project youth acting as central parts of the development process and have the capacity to improve local development.

Telecommunications & Microfinances

The exponential growth of mobile technology opens new possibilities for microfinances.

  • Billions of peoples don't have access to basic financial services but increasingly have access to cell phones and other mobile devices. It represents an untapped market and potentially huge client base for financial institutions.
  • Payment and credit systems using cell phones (or some other wireless device) that deliver basic, low cost financial services to the masses particularly in rural regions.
  • The evolution of mobile devices such as the cell phones (memory capacity, identification, geolocalization, etc) could provide the electronic equivalent of the traditional wallet. It gives users access to new options (check balances, transfer money, offshore remittances, etc) and greater security than handling cash.
  • A better access to finances and telecommunications could drive local development.

Case Studies

Community Telecommunications Cooperative - SIA

The Agrarian Information System (SIA) Project was conceived about 6 years ago by the Junta not just as a means to facilitate the flow of information on gate openings and closings but also to improve the collective efficiency of the 6,000 farmers in the valley by making basic and essential information available to them via the Internet. Inter alia, the SIA was intended to give small farmers access to market and other information such as the current prices for their products, the price of fertilizer and other inputs, the weather forecast, current laws and regulations concerning the agricultural sector and other information of relevance such as activities of the Junta. The project was also meant to give the 18,000 school age children and teachers and administrators in 64 schools in the valley access to the Internet for the first time.

Community Based Micro Operator - Televias Puyhuan

Televias Puyhuan, another example of a small community based operator or micro-telco, built a local access network using Motorola’s Canopy Broadband Wireless Access (BWA) system covering an area of 160 km2 around the locality of Jauju in the Department of Junin, Peru, providing access to a potential 16,000 people in this region whose economy is based mainly on agriculture and breeding. The pilot project was built with the support of USAid, the Peruvian Government, Motorola and Cisco and was officially launched in April 2006 although the system has been in operation since November 2005. The network consists of two towers (distribution head end) one with three 60 sectored antennas or Access Points (AP) and one initially with one 60 degree antenna. Each antenna in the Canopy system can offer connectivity up to 200 line-ofsight (LOS) subscribers in its 60 arc. The typical LOS range lies between 3 and 8 km depending on the frequency band (5 GHz for the former; 2.4 GHz for the latter)extendible to 16 - 24 km using passive reflectors. Typical aggregate throughput is around 6 Mbps.

Privately and Regional Telecommunications Company - Valtron

One of the most innovative projects designed to expand the public telecommunications network in areas with very low income is the rural telecommunications project in the Province of Huarochiri, Peru. The project breaks with the traditional top down approach of identifying and implementing subsidized universal access projects in Peru. It is demand-driven, having been conceived and promoted by a small entrepreneur, Ruddy Valdivia, who on the request of local authorities evaluated the unsatisfied demand in a small mountainous province lying just east of Lima with both rural and urban populations. Valdivia concluded that there is a valid business case for establishing a small, provincial telecommunications company which would provide a bundle of telecommunications services including fixed and mobile, in the home and in public places, Internet access and cable television throughout the province.

National Operator - Telefonica - Llaqtared

Except for Lima (231.8 inhabitants/km2) Peru has a very low population density (21.7 inh/km2) with many isolated communities. The population density in rural areas is 15.8 inh./km2. In 2004, Telefonica del Peru, the incumbent, implemented a project called Llaqt@red, or people´s net in quechua, which provides telephone and Internet access using the marginal capacity of Telefonica’s existing hubs and VSATs. The objective of the initiative was to connecting low density isolated communities especially those in rural areas. Telefónica installed the communications equipment (VSAT antenna, solar powered battery, modem and router) at a cost of between US$ 10,000 and US$ 15,000 but charged each partner a flat one time starting fee of US$ 150. The partner was responsible for acquiring the computer(s), the router, furniture and other equipment and for doing any necessary site renovations. The average cost for this was S/. 2,200 (US$ 730) most of which was for the computer(s). The partner’s operating expenses include salaries, electricity, rent and US$ 150/month to Telefónica to connect to the Internet (for a 128 Kbps up/ 56 Kbps down link).

National Operator - Telefonica - Integrame

Where the pilot project will be deployed

  • Distrito de Ate - Lima - Peru


  • Free Tools developed by our member David Rodriguez.
    • Mping is a tool that permits doing several ICMP request in a short time, it is useful for measure the quality of your Internet Access.
    • Gping is a tool that permits see the icmp response graphically, it is useful for evaluating the behavior of your Internet access.
    • Cmail is a tool for sending email via command line. You can insert in your batch this utility for reporting purposes.
    • Multiproxy is a tool for using several proxies, you can switch fastly between several proxies. You must insert the list of proxies
    • Timefreeze stops the time of your PC. You can use for any porpose. This program is a service that you can install in your windows NT, 2000, XP. The service start automatically each time the services is installed in your system.
    • SmallServer is a small web server, DNS, TCP and, UDP. You can used to test your applications, make simulations, and verifing firewalls configurations.
    • Extractlog is a utility that permits reduce your log file, you can choose a string or phrase to generate another file with only this string. Each log in the new fill will have this string.
    • tgenerator is a traffic generator of TCP and UDP. Ud can generate until 20 conexions at the same time, the configuration for this tool is simple, you only select the remote server, the remote port and then the string that you want to send.
    • Checkdns is a tool for check the status of the DNS servers. You must defined the names and the ip address of the dns server, each dns requirement will generate a log.
    • Killmsn is a utility for blocking the use of the msn messenger. Killmsn operates at the service level, you must install the service first before using, the service is autostart, only you must install it.
    • Arp scan is a tool which sends out arp request for a given range of ip address, you must provide the ip range. You will get the mac address of the range of ip address.
    • Please try and use this tools. Download from [3]

ICTs in Peru

  • Household level survey on ICTs in Peru
    • Peru's national statistical institute, the Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática, has published the results of a household level survey examining access to fixed and mobile telephony, radio, television, cable, and computers in households as well as household and individual use of public internet access points in Lima, other urban areas and rural areas (rural is defined as villages with fewer than 2000 inhabitants). The study concludes that while there is an increase in access to ICTs among all sectors, the divide between the privileged and non-privileged sectors remains. The report, Las Tecnologías de Información y Comunicación en los Hogares (Information and communication technologies in households), is based on recent data, gathered between August and October 2006. It is only available in Spanish. [4]
  • ICTPeru
    • Projects
    • Rules and Regulations
    • Organizations
    • The ITU, the UN specialized agency for telecommunications, has it’s “eye” on ICTs and is recognized around the globe as the leading provider of timely and comprehensive telecommunication/ICT statistics and trends.

Other Projects

Sahana: Free and Open Source Disaster Management System

[5] It is a web based collaboration tool that addresses the common coordination problems during a disaster from finding missing people, managing aid, managing volunteers, tracking camps effectively between Government groups, the civil society (NGOs) and the victims themselves.

Village Phone Direct: A Microfranchise Opportunity

[6] Village Phone Direct is a microfranchise approach to Village Phone that allows virtually any microfinance institution (MFI) to directly and independently develop a Village Phone product for their clients. Village Phone Direct brings the benefits of telecommunications to local communities and micro entrepreneurs without the need for an institutional infrastructure to coordinate the operations in cooperation with an individual microfinance institution to serve small rural villages.


[7] Wifi Liberator is an open-source toolkit for a laptop computer that enables its user to "liberate" pay-per-use wireless networks and create a free, open node that anyone can connect to for Internet access. The project is presented as a challenge to existing corporate or "locked" private wireless nodes to encourage the proliferation of free networks and connectivity across the planet.

SIP Communicator - the Java VoIP and Instant Messaging client

[8] SIP Communicator is an audio/video Internet phone and instant messenger that support some of the most popular instant messaging and telephony protocols such as SIP, Jabber, AIM/ICQ, MSN and soon others like Yahoo and IRC. The SIP Communicator is completely Open Source / Free Software, and is freely available under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License.

The CUWiN Project

[9]CUWiN's mission is to help bridge the digital divide by developing low-cost, open source, wireless technologies and making them available to community and municipal networks. CUWiN networks have been established in urban settings like Chicago, Illinois, and Washington, D.C., as well as rural places like the Mesa Grande Indian Reservation near San Diego, California, and Apirede, Ghana.

Meraki Networks

[10] We develop products and services that allow people to deploy wireless networks without a lot of time, money or expertise. Meraki Networks was founded to help disseminate work from the MIT Roofnet project, with the hopes of bringing free or low-cost Internet access to people around the world. Meraki's hardware platforms are open, and we encourage others to modify and extend them.

GuiFi Net

[11], a non-profit wireless free network made from individuals and several companies and local administration contributions, announces that at Catalonia, Spain, has reached the “several thousands”: 1.000 live nodes providing a stable High-Speed wifi access, with a coverage of about 1.000 square kilometers (about 386 sq. mi), providing access to several thousands of individuals, companies or organizations and reaching an estimated annual traffic within the network of about 1.000 Terabytes.

The Wireless Commons License

[12] The Wireless Commons License (WCL) describes the terms and conditions of the free and open networks, so enables individuals, communities, organizations, companies, governments or any type of organization to adopt or support this License.

Green WiFi

[13] Green WiFi is committed to providing solar powered access to global information and educational resources for developing nation K-12 school children striving for knowledge in a digitally divided world. There are approximately 3 billion people under the age of 15 living in developing nations. 42 percent of the developing world's population is below the age of 15. Green WiFi was founded on the principle that the welfare of our world is dependent, in large part, on providing these children with free and open access to the world's information.


[14]: Wireless Near-Vertical-Incidence-Skywave


  • Medical Help Networks for rural and remote communities
  • Disaster Prevention and Rapid Response Networks for rural and remote communities.
  • VoIP service for rural and peri-urban communities.
  • Wireless Internet for peri-urban communities.
  • Mobile microfinances


  • How To Accelerate Your Internet: A practical guide to Bandwidth Management and Optimization using Open Source Software.
    • The BMO Book Sprint Team is pleased to announce the release of the new free book, "How To Accelerate Your Internet: A practical guide to Bandwidth Management and Optimization using Open Source Software". The book was released in October 2006 under a Creative Commons license, and was written in an effort to help network architects understand and troubleshoot problems with managing Internet bandwidth, which often result in unnecessarily high operational costs in the developing world. [15]
    • This executive summary provides key findings and recommendations of a study on telecommunications universal access and universal service policies and programs in Latin America. This study was jointly financed by Regulatel, European Commission through the @LIS program, the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), and two World Bank-administered trust funds -- the Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF) and the Global Program on Output Based Aid (GPOBA). This document highlights some of the key findings and recommendations contained in the full study.
    • The key recommendations highlighted in this executive summary are that there is a need for a redefinition of the concepts and goals of universal access and universal service programs; that legal, regulatory and institutional reforms are needed, that more effort needs to go into data collection and analysis regarding network and market conditions; and that universal service funds need to speed up, simplify and diversify how they use their funds.
    • Furthermore, while the first generation of universal access programs were comparatively simple programs largely focused on voice telephony, the study recommends the new generation of universal access programs will be more complex and should focus on infrastructure and services that use converged Internet-protocol (IP) platforms.
    • The executive summary is a stand-alone document aimed at senior policy makers, regulators, private and non-profit sector leaders. This document seeks to provide the foundation for stimulating a dialogue among public, private and non-profit stakeholders regarding universal access and universal service programs; to help policymakers, regulators and universal access fund administrators to design a new generation of universal access programs; and to encourage readers to read and use the full study, including the 19 country studies, the economic model, and the extensive number of associated documents which can be downloaded from the Regulatel website. [16]
  • Wireless Networking in the Developing World [17]
    • This book was created by a team of individuals who each, in their own field, are actively participating in the ever-expanding Internet by pushing its reach farther than ever before. Over a period of a few months, we have produced a complete book that documents our efforts to build wireless networks in the developing world.
  • DIGITAL POVERTY, Latin American and Caribbean Perspectives
    • This book represents the first publication of the Regional Dialogue on the Information Society (DIRSI in Spanish), a regional network of leading researchers concerned with the creation and dissemination of knowledge that supports effective participation in the Information Society by the poor and marginalized communities in Latin American and the Caribbean. The chapters that follow reflect different studies undertaken by DIRSI members under the common theme of pro-poor, pro-market ICT policies. This theme seeks to support next-generation policy reforms that build on the achievements of market liberalization efforts but at the same time address the realities of what we call digital poverty a concept that seeks to grasp the multiple dimensions of inadequate levels of access to ICT services as well as the barriers to their productive use.[18]


  • Wireless Networks First-Step. By Jim Geier. Published by Cisco Press [19]
  • 802.11 Wireless LAN Fundamentals. By Jonathan Leary, Pejman Roshan. Published by Cisco Press. [20]
  • Deploying License-Free Wireless Wide-Area Networks. By Jack Unger. Published by Cisco Press. [21]


  • CCNA Certification [22]
  • Wi-Fi [23]
  • Wireless Mesh Networks [24]
  • Information and Communication Technologies for Poverty Alleviation [25]

Mesh networking

  • Champaign-Urbana Community Wireless Network software [26]
  • MIT Roofnet Project [27]
  • OLSR mesh networking daemon [28]
  • Real-time OLSR topology viewer [29]
  • Ad hoc routing protocols
    • An Ad hoc routing protocol is a convention or standard that controls how nodes come to agree which way to route packets between computing devices in a mobile ad-hoc network (MANET)[30].

Wireless tools

  • Chillispot captive portal [31]
  • Kismet wireless network monitoring tool [32]
  • NoCatSplash captive portal [33]
  • RadioMobile radio performance modeling tool [34]
  • Terabeam wireless link calculation tools [35]
  • Wellenreiter wireless network detection tool for Linux [36]
  • WiFiDog captive portal [37]
  • Wireless Network Link Analysis tool by GBPRR [38]